Two harvesting systems are used most widely in coffee growing:
Picking: Coffee picking is a manual harvesting process in which the ripe cherries are selected and picked from the coffee plant one by one. This requires pickers to pass through the crop several times, and yields a more uniform, high-quality crop.
Stripping: Coffee stripping is a process that may be manual or mechanized, in which all the fruit is removed from the plants in one pass when it's of average ripeness. It often requires a further check to eliminate impurities, and underripe or already fermented cherries.
The next step is to extract the coffee seeds from the fruit, using a wet or dry processing method: