Two harvesting systems are used most widely in coffee:
- Picking: coffee picking is a manual process in which the ripe cherries are selected and picked one by one.
- Stripping: coffee stripping is a process that may be manual or mechanized, in which all the fruit is removed in one pass when it is of average ripeness.
The next step is to extract the bean from the fruit, using a wet or dry processing method:
- Wet processing is used for fruit harvesting and produces a coffee classified as washed or milk. A machine then removes the skin from the beans to eliminate the mucilage (pulp).